Major Groups and People Involved
Muhammad Ali seizes power
Muhammad Ali Dies - Grandson takes power
Ferdinand de Lesseps helps build Suez Canal
Egyptian government buys 45% of Suez Canal
Work begins on Suez Canal
Suez Canal opens
British gain control of Suez Canal
Egypt invades Ethiopia with little success
France & Britian take control of Egyptian finances
Nile River flood fails - food shortage results
England and France gain Egyptian cabinet seats
First Egyptian army mutiny
France and Britain send navy to Egyptian coast
British & French force nationalist gov to resign
British makes Egypt a protectorate
Egyptians riot in Alexandria
British occupy Cairo
British abolish dual control with France
Lord Cromer becomes British Agent, rules Egypt
Imperialism challenged in British Parliament
Lord Cromer's rule ends
Martial Law introduced in Egypt
Egypt allowed Sovereignty
Prime Minister of Egypt elected
British Military completely leaves
BRITAIN and FRANCE shared control over EGYPT from 1876 to 1882. In 1882, Britain controlled Egypt alone. Egypt became independent from Britain in 1922.
MUHAMMAD ALI was an ambitious soldier appointed governor of Egypt by the Ottomans. He took control of Egypt in 1805 after Napoleon's invasion and the civil war. His descendants reigned after him for many years.
FERDINAND DE LESSEPS was a French entrepreneur who organized a company to build the Suez Canal.
LORD CROMER was a British agent who ruled Egypt from 1883 to 1907.
Ferdinand de Lesseps
Sir Evelyn Baring,
a.ka. Lord Cromer
An important result of the imperialization of Egypt was the building of the Suez Canal, which meant that ships wouldn't have to sail around the southern tip of Africa anymore.
Another important result Britain's imperialization of Egypt was that industrialization occurred. Following this labor unions and schools were built.
The Egyptian Revolution of 1919 was an important step towards Egyptian independence. It was a nationwide revolt against British powers, including demonstrations, strikes, and marches from a diverse group of people - students, teachers, religious leaders, peasants, merchants, civil workers, men, woman, Christians, and Muslims. However, the uprising in the countryside was more violent, resulting in more than a thousand dead or wounded.
In 1922, Egypt gained independence through the Unilateral Declaration of Egyption Independence. After this, Egypt was no longer a Protectorate of Great Britain.
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by Erica Gardner
4th Hour - Hurns